Jute & Textiles

A large number of high yielding varieties of Jute and Allied Fibres (JAF) have been evolved at the different research centres of the jute producing countries. The names of these varieties are given below against the names of these countries.
  • Bangladesh:

    C. olitorius : O-4, O-9897 & OM-1; C. capsularis : D-154, CVL- l, CVE-3, CC-45 & BJC7370; H. cannabinus : HC-2 and HC-95 and H. sabdariffa : HS-24.
  • China:

    C. olitorius : Kuan Ye 075-22; C. capsularis : Ye Yuan No.5; H. cannabinus: gingpi No. 3 and 722, 7804.
  • India:

    C. olitorius : JRO-878, JRO-632, JRO-7835, JRO-524, JRO-66, JRO-8432, and JRO-128; C. capsularis JRC-7447, JRC-321, JRC-212, JRC-698 and JRC-"Hybrid C"; H. cannabinus : HC-583 and AMC-108 and H. sabdariffa : HS-4288, HS-7910, AMV-1, AMV-2, AMV-3 and AMV-4.
  • Indonesia:

    C. capsularis : CC-15 and CC-22; H. cannabinus : H- 33, HC-48, HC-G4 and HC-GR5 and H. sabdariffa:HS-40.
  • Thailand:

    C.olitorius: NS-l; C.capsularis:JRC-212;H.cannabinus:977-044,Big Green and NS-2.
Growing Region

In Nepal, Jute is grown in about 11000 ha in Tarai belt of Eastern part of Nepal. In Thailand JAF are cultivated in about 20,000 ha. In India Jute and Kenaf are grown in about 1,000,000 hectares. Most of the production comes from the States of West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh & Tripura.

Bangladesh grows mainly jute, only about 10% kenaf and roselle in 500,000 hectares. China grows mainly kenaf and only about 10% jute in about 56,000 hectares. In Indonesia JAF are grown in 10,000-20,000 hectares.